Batteries do much more than just power electric vehicles (EVs) – they also help determine their performance, service life, charging speed, and costs. That is, however, only part of a battery’s much longer journey along the value chain, which starts with the extraction of raw materials and extends into the second phase of each battery’s life as stationary energy storage or recycling sources.
The production of a rechargeable battery – from mine to an electric vehicle – poses significant social and environmental risks. These range from mineral extraction (child labor, unsafe working conditions, indigenous rights), to production processes (C02 footprint, water use, biodiversity loss, pollution) and significantly impact the overall sustainability of the end product.
The Battery Passport is a digital representation of a battery that conveys information about all applicable ESG and lifecycle requirements based on a comprehensive definition of a sustainable battery. Each Battery Passport will be a digital twin of its physical battery enabled by the digital Battery Passport platform, which offers a global solution for securely sharing information and data. This platform aims to go beyond enabling the performance management of just one battery to that of all batteries across the full industry value chain.
The Battery Passport’s role in underpinning a responsible battery value chain has been endorsed during global policy discussions, including in the 2021 G7 Leaders’ Meeting, the draft EU Directive on Batteries, and by the Canadian and US administrations.
October 2022 update: The GBA announces a major milestone with the publication of the Greenhouse Gas rulebook as the first indicator for the Battery Passport
The specific objectives of this first version of the Greenhouse Gas Rulebook are to set globally harmonized rules that make “cradle to gate” Battery Carbon Footprints transparent; and to allow decisions to be driven by reliable, accessible, and trusted data. The Rulebook aims to provide a sound method by which process-specific data is generated and collected in a homogeneous way and Battery Carbon Footprints across vendors in the battery value chain are comparable.
Development of this Rulebook has been overseen by the GBA’s Greenhouse Gas Work Group, which was set up to define what stakeholders likely expect, and to set the high-level principles and operating rules upon which the Battery Carbon Footprint of the GBA Battery Passport is to be developed.
As a first step, the use and end-of-life phases of Li-ion EV batteries have been excluded from this version of the Rulebook. The GBA continues to work on rules for these phases to be added in future versions of the Rulebook. The Rulebook will be revisited throughout GBA’s engagement with external stakeholders, with a view to incorporating the feedback received into the adoption of future versions.
If you have comments or questions or would like to receive updates regarding consultations on the rulebook please email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The Battery Passport will enable the following outcomes:
The Battery Passport Action Partnership is managed operationally by a Project Management Office. Strategic decision-making is guided by a Steering Committee made up of GBA members representing a balance of industry, civil society, governments, and academia.
Project Management Office: